The rapid increase in infectious diseases caused by global climate change is not short of a moment of concern as an estimated 7 million people die each year from air pollution worldwide. Severe weather and mosquito-borne diseases have become common worldwide, but it is important to note that reducing carbon dioxide emissions, which causes global warming, can save millions of lives each year.
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The impact of climate change on health is the biggest challenge of the 21st century, but it is unfortunate that only one percent of the world's wealth is being spent on its prevention. In the 1980s, scientists acknowledged that global temperatures were rising alarmingly, where carbon and greenhouse gases from refrigerators, air conditioners and industries were damaging "ozone" levels. .
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When temperatures rose in European countries in 2003, 70,000 people died. In 2010, the heat killed 50,000 people in Russia. US Vice President Al Gore wrote in his book Inconvenient Truth AN on environmental pollution that the issue of "global warming" had become a major campaign issue in the United States during the 2000 election, so Bush addressed the issue as well. But after the win, he took a U-turn and said that it was not a problem.
When people raved about environmental pollution, President Bush said it was good for the economy and not science. Therefore, the facts presented by him cannot be believed. He further writes in his book that the United States has more than 30 percent of voters, while Europe has 27 percent and Russia has over 13 percent. Since then, the amount of greenery in the world has decreased by 59%. There are about 50 countries with the greatest shortage of drinking water, including India.
The tragedy is that 98% of the world's areas are polluted. Air and water are also not available. Modern industrial and scientific development has its place, but if the heat produced by it is not controlled, no country in the world, no matter how developed, will not survive the havoc of the weather, because the price of food there rises Huh. Growth will increase, famines will increase, crops will decrease, crops of maize, rice and wheat will be badly affected, floods and storms will occur. Due to increasing amount of emissions, these days we are facing various environmental problems such as water, wind and temperature.
Currently, about 31% of the atmosphere contains deadly gases such as carbon dioxide. According to experts, by 2100, sea level will rise from 9 to 100 centimeters, sinking into coastal cities. Air pollution is the cause of death for every eighth person in the world, and more or less 7 million worldwide every year, compared to 59,000 in Pakistan. Almost all deaths are caused by air pollution. Climate change and pollution have led to a significant decline in the world's gross economic output, with air pollution also increasing from emissions of nitrogen and carbon compounds from various industries and transportation.
According to the study, more than half of the deaths due to air pollution worldwide occur in just two countries, India and China, as coal-fired power plants are the largest source of pollution in India and China. Earlier, many agreements were made globally to control environmental pollution, but they could not be implemented.
An agreement was reached in 1987 in Montreal to reduce the emission of gases that damage the ozone layer. In 1990 and 1992, large meetings were convened globally to make it effective and efficient. In 1992, the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) discussed various proposals to reduce global warming. At the Third United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change in Japan, more than 160 countries signed an agreement prioritizing the agenda of greenhouse gases that contribute to global warming.
The biggest reason is that their emissions will be kept to a minimum, but since February 2005, when it came time to implement the agreement, the United States has refused to approve it. China, the largest emitter of carbon. China aims to reduce its coal production to 500 million tonnes by 2024, while the United States has indicated that it will implement it by 2019.
China has cut carbon emissions from sources that cause air pollution in its electricity sector. It has also decided to reduce dioxide emissions by 60%. According to one report, Pakistan's current greenhouse gas emissions currently stand at 405 million tonnes per year. Pakistan, India and some Gulf states have sought relief by 2028.
Although the effects of climate change affect both developed and developing countries, most of these changes are faced by developing countries, largely due to the fact that these countries pay less attention to them due to development and trade. .