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Monica Geller
2020-08-01

Who was Udham Singh and what he did

Udham Singh was a fierce warrior who fought for the independence of India. He sacrificed his life for mother nation. July 31 marked 80th anniversary of his martyrdom. 

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Udham Singh was hanged in London for assassinating Michael O' Dwyer, former governor of Punjab, India. Dwyer ordered the Jallianwala Bagh massacre in Amritsar, Punjab where innocents where gathered to celebrate Baishaki. Many innocents were killed brutally in the massacre and Udham Singh avenged their death by the assassination. He was hanged in July 1940. 

Udham Singh is called as Shaheed - i - Azam Sardar Udham Singh which means the great martyr. He was born as the son of a farmer and later taken to orphanage after the death of his father, Tehal Singh. He left the orphanage after passing the matriculation.

In 13 April 1919, During Jallianwala bagh massacre, Singh and his friends were serving water to people assembled for the protest. British troops under the order of Sir Reginald Dyer shot at the people gathered under Rowlatt Act. They managed to escape. He was influenced by great revolutionary leader Bhagat Singh. He joined Ghadar party and went overseas to gather support. He was arrested in India for keeping unlicensed arms and ammunitions. After his release he went to London and formed plans to assassinate Dwyer. He shot Dwyer during a meeting in Caxton Hall, London. He surrender and said that he was avenging the Jallianwala Bagh massacre. While in jail, he called himself as "Ram Mohammad Singh Azad" which reflects the three main religions and azad meaning freedom. He was hanged to death at Pentonville prison, London.

Singh's remains were brought to India in 1974 at the request of MLA Sadhu Singh Thind and was cremated in Punjab. Some of his ashes were kept at Jallianwala Bagh.

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