A great toner for combination skin that's formulated for oily skin and dry. Generally, the oily part of the face is the T (T-zone) area, namely the forehead, nose and chin, while the skin on the cheeks tends to be dry.
So, what ingredients should be in a toner for combination skin?
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A great type of toner for normal-oily combination skin
Normal-oily combination skin types have a distinctive problem. Some of these problems areacne, blackheads, and large pores. Hence, it's a great toner for normal-oily combination skin.
1. Exfoliating AHA toner
Normal-oily skin types are often covered with pimples. Acne often appears during the production of natural facial oils (sebum) increases, which makes bacterial colonies Propionibacterium acnes causes of acne more and more. The buildup of dead skin cells is also a factor in causing acne. Because, in that pile the bacteria can reproduce.
In addition, people with normal-oily skin are also prone to blackheads because sebum mixed with dead skin cells gets trapped in hair follicles and clogs clogged pores.
Therefore, a good toner for combination normal-oily skin with acne is exfoliating toner contains AHA.
Alpha-hydroxy acid (AHA) is an active chemical that works to remove dead skin cells. One of the AHA type chemicals islactic acid.
Based on the findings published in the journal Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute Molecules, the content of lactic acid in toner for combination skin is able to regulate the levels of protein molecules that are the "culprits" for acne and inflammation due to acne.
2. Exfoliating BHA toner
BHA toner is suitable for blackheads on normal-oily skin
Research published in the journal Jundishapur Journal of Natural Pharmaceutical ProductsI found that a great exfoliating toner alternative to normal-oily combination skin is a toner with ingredientsbeta-hydroxy acid (BHA), like salicylic acid.
This content is suitable for normal-oily combination skin because BHA is able to penetrate the skin to the oil glands and is able to remove blackheads.
3. Hydrating toner of niacinamide
Generally, people with normal-oily combination skin also tend to have large pores. In fact, pores have oil glands. However, if excess oil is produced, it can cause clogged pores. The effect is that the pores are getting bigger.
As a way to deal with enlarged pores, use a hydrating toner that containsniacinamide for normal-oily combination skin.
Research published in the journal The Journal of Clinical and Aesthetic Dermatologyfound, the 2% niacinamide content in toner for combination normal-oily skin was able to decrease the amount of sebum production. The effect is that the oil on the face is balanced and the pores do not appear enlarged.