One of the brightly colored vegetables that often appear in salads is purple cabbage or red cabbage. The taste is not much different than the green cabbage. However, the purple color in this vegetable is nutritious for the heart and strengthens bones.
As with other colorful vegetables and fruits, the antioxidant content of purple cabbage is higher. This can protect against damage from exposure to free radical substances.
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Purple cabbage nutritional content
In 90 grams of raw purple cabbage, it contains various nutrients, including:
- Calories: 28
- Protein: 1 gram
- Carbs: 7 grams
- Fiber: 2 grams
- Vitamin C: 56% RDA
- Vitamin K: 28% RDA
- Vitamin B6: 11% RDA
- Vitamin A: 6% RDA
- Potassium: 5% RDA
- Thiamin: 5% RDA
- Riboflavin: 5% RDA
In addition to the nutritional content above, purple cabbage also contains iron, calcium, magnesium, phosphorus, copper and zinc. That is why purple cabbage is included in foods that contain important minerals.
Benefits of consuming purple cabbage
These low-calorie vegetables have many health benefits, such as:
1. Source of antioxidants
Purple cabbage is a source of antioxidants that protect the body from damage free radical substances. These antioxidants include vitamin C, carotene, and flavonoids such as anthocyanins and kaempferol.
Compared to cabbage, the antioxidant content of purple cabbage is 4.5 times higher. Even interestingly, purple cabbage is one of the foods with the highest antioxidant content.
2. Overcoming inflammation
Purple cabbage can help treat the inflammation that causes various diseases. In one study, purple cabbage reduced digestive inflammation by 22–40%. The sulfur content in the form of sulforaphane in cabbage plays an important role in this.
In addition, purple cabbage can also treat inflammation of the skin. For example, adults with arthritis can apply cabbage once a day to reduce pain. This is the result of a 4-week study.
3. Relieves breast pain in nursing mothers
The main complaint of breastfeeding mothers is when the milk is blocked. Usually, this causes the breasts to swell and cause excruciating pain. Overcoming this can be with massage to consultation with a lactation doctor.
But don't forget the properties of cabbage. Applying cabbage to the breasts can reduce pain and swelling. This can be an alternative for breastfeeding mothers when milk production is abundant, especially after giving birth.
4. Potential to maintain heart health
The content of anthocyanins in purple cabbage has the potential to maintain heart health. In a study of female participants who ate anthocyanin-rich foods, about 11-32% had a lower risk of a heart attack when compared to those who did not eat a similar diet.
The higher the anthocyanins in food, the greater the property to help lower blood pressure. This is closely related to lowering the risk of heart disease. In purple cabbage, there are more than 36 types of anthocyanins.
5. Potential to strengthen bones
In purple cabbage, there are important minerals such as calcium, manganese, and zinc. In addition, there are vitamins C and K which are important in the function of bone formation. Furthermore, the combination of nutrients in purple cabbage can protect bone cells from damage.
6. Potential to protect against cancer
Experts believe that the sulforaphane and anthocyanins in purple cabbage can help protect against cancer. In more detail, the consumption of purple cabbage can reduce the risk of developing colon cancer by 18%.
In addition, a diet rich in cruciferous vegetables can also lower the risk breast cancer. However, further research is still needed to prove this.